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Frequently Asked Questions about Craps
This is the rec.gambling.craps Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) list.
Table of Contents
 C1 What special terminology is used at the Craps table?
 C2 How is Craps played?
 C3 What are "Odds?"
 C4 What is the house advantage on 10x odds?
 C5 What are "Come" and "Don't Come"
bets?
 C6 What are all those other bets?
 C7 What are the odds for all these bets?

 Johnny
Craps Frequently Asked Questions

 Street Craps versus Casino Craps?
 What are odds?
 Q:C1 What special terminology is used at the Craps table?
 A:C1 (Steve Jacobs, Ken Elliott III, Dave Everett)
Craps Terminology:
 any craps
 a bet that the next roll will be 2, 3, or 12. This bet pays 7:1 and has a
house edge of 11.1%.
 3way craps
 a bet made in units of 3 with one unit on 2, one unit on 3, and one unit
on 12. This is a horn bet without the bet on 11.
 any seven
 a bet that the next roll will be 7. This bet pays 4:1 and has a house edge
of 16.7%.
 big 6
 a bet that a 6 will be rolled before a 7 comes up. This bet pays even
money, and has a house edge of 9.1%. A place bet on 6 pays 7:6 but is
identical otherwise. The place bet is preferred, having a house edge of 1.5%
 big 8
 a bet that an 8 will be rolled before a 7 comes up. This bet pays even
money, and has a house edge of 9.1%. A place bet on 8 pays 7:6 but is
identical otherwise. The place bet is preferred, having a house edge of 1.5%
 buy bet
 giving the house a 5% commission in order to be paid correct odds for a
place bet. The buy bets on 4 and 10 allow the player to reduce the house
edge from 6.67% to 4% on these bets. Some casinos collect the commission
only on winning bets, while others collect it at the time the bet is made.
 come bet
 A "virtual pass line bet"; a bet made after the come out roll
but in other respects exactly like a pass line bet. See question C5
for more details.
 come out roll
 the first roll of the dice in a betting round is called the "come
out" roll. Pass bets win when the come out roll is 7 or 11, while pass
bets lose when the come out roll is 2, 3, or 12. Don't bets lose when the
come out roll is 7 or 11, and don't bets win when the come out roll is 2 or
3. Don't bets tie when the come out roll is 12 (2 in some casinos; the
"bar" roll on the layout indicates which roll is treated as a
tie).
 dice pass
 The dice are said to "pass" when the shooter rolls a 7 or 11 on
the comeout roll. The dice "don't pass" when the shooter rolls a
2, 3, or 12 on the comeout. If the comeout roll is a 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10,
this roll sets the "point", and the shooter continues to roll
until the point is rolled again or a 7 is rolled (see "seven
out"). If the shooter rolls the point before rolling a seven, the dice
pass. If the shooter sevens out, the dice don't pass and the shooter loses
control of the dice. NOTE: in this context, "pass" does NOT mean
that the dice to given to the next player. Control of the dice is
transferred only when the shooter "sevens out" or when the shooter
has completed a game and no longer wishes to roll the dice.
 don't come bet
 A "virtual don't pass bet"; a bet made after the come out roll
but in other respects exactly like a don't pass bet. See question C5
for more details.
 don't pass bet
 a bet that the dice will not pass. This bet can be placed only immediately
before a "come out" roll. One result (either the 2 or the 12,
depending on the casino) will result in a push. House edge on these bets is
1.40%. A don't pass bet can be taken down, but not increased, after the
comeout roll.
 double odds
 an odds bet that is about twice as large as the original pass/come bet.
Some casinos offer higher odds, such as 5X or even 10X odds.
 field bet
 a bet that the next roll will be 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, or 12. This bet pays
even money for 3, 4, 9, 10, and 11, and usually pays 2:1 for 2 or 12. Some
casinos pay 3:1 for either the 2 or 12 (but not both), and some casinos may
make the 5 instead of the 9 a field roll.
 hard way
 a bet on 4, 6, 8, or 10 that wins only if the dice show the same face;
e.g., "hard 8" occurs when each die shows a four.
 hop bet
 a bet that the next roll will result in one particular combination of the
dice, such as 22 (called a "hopping hardway") or 35. 22, 33,
44, and 55 are paid the same as a oneroll 2; other hop bets are paid the
same as a oneroll 11.
 horn bet
 a bet that the next roll will be 2, 3, 11, or 12, made in multiples of 4,
with one unit on each of the numbers.
 horn high bet
 a bet made in multiples of 5 with one unit on 3 of the horn numbers, and
two units on the "high" number; e.g., "$5 horn high
eleven": $1 each on 2, 3, 12, and $2 on the 11.
 lay bet
 a bet that a particular number (4,5,6,8,9, or 10) will NOT be rolled
before a 7 comes up. The casino takes 5% of the winnings on these bets. The
5% commission is usually taken up front, but some casinos take the
commission after the bet wins.
 lay odds
 after a point has been established, the don't pass bettor can place an
additional odds bet that will win if the original don't pass bet wins. The
odds bet is paid at the correct odds for the point, and is a fair bet with
no house edge. This also applies to a don't come bet. Making this bets is
referred to "laying the odds" for your don't bet.
 line bet
 a bet on the "pass line" or the "don't pass line" is
called a "line" bet. These bets are placed at the beginning of the
game, before the "come out" roll. The shooter is required to make
a line bet in order to shoot the dice.
 odds off
 odds bets that are "not working". Odds bets can be called
"off" by the player at any time, but are left on the felt until
the bet is resolved. Also, come odds bets are usually "off" during
the come out roll, unless the bettor asks to have the odds bets
"working". Come odd bets that are "off" will be returned
to the player if the line bet loses on the come out roll. Don't come odds
generally work on the comeout roll.
 pass bet
 a bet that the dice will pass, also known as a "pass line" bet.
This bet is generally placed immediately before a "come out" roll,
although you can make or increase this bet at any time. House edge on this
bets is 1.41%.
 place bet (to win)
 a bet that a particular number (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10) will be rolled
before a 7 comes up. These bets are paid at slightly less than correct odds,
giving the house an edge of 1.52% on 6/8, 4% on 5/9, and 6.67% on 4/10.
 place bet (to lose)
 a bet that a 7 will be rolled before the number you are placing
(4,5,6,8,9, or 10) comes up. The casino requires you to lay slightly more
than the correct odds, giving the house an edge of 3.03% on 4/10, 2.5% on
5/9, and 1.82% on 6/8.
 point
 if a 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10 is rolled on the come out roll, then this number
becomes the "point". The shooter must roll the point again, before
rolling a seven, in order for the dice to "pass". A "come
point" is just the number that is serving as a point for a come bet.
 put bet
 1. A bet made on the pass line after the come out roll. This is allowed in
Las Vegas and at Turning Stone, but not in Atlantic City and not at Foxwoods.
This is not recommended, as 45% of your pass line wins are made on the
comeout roll. 2. A bet made directly onto a come point number. E.g.,
"Put $5 and $10 odds on the six." Not recommended for the same
reasons given in 1.
 right bettor
 a player who bets that the dice will pass.
 seven out
 when the shooter rolls seven after a point has been established. Control
of the dice is transferred to the next shooter. Another term for this is
"miss out." You will sometimes hear players call this something
else, but we can't print those things here. This is often incorrectly called
"crap out."
 shooter
 the player who is rolling the dice. The shooter must place a
"line" bet ("pass" or "don't pass") in order
to be eligible to roll the dice. Of course, the shooter can place other bets
in addition to the required "line" bet. Most shooters (and
players) tend to play the "pass" line. Note that shooters who make
"don't pass" bets are not betting against themselves, they are
simply betting that the dice will not "pass".
 single odds
 an odds bet that is about as large as the original pass/come bet. Some
casinos allow "double odds", or even larger odds bets.
 take odds
 after a point has been established, the pass/come bettor can place an
additional odds bet that will win if the original pass/come bet wins. The
odds bet is paid at the correct odds for the point, and is a fair bet with
no house edge.
 two ways
 a phrase appended to a hardway or proposition bet to indicate that the
player is betting one chip for the dealers along with his own bet. A $2 bet
two ways is $1 for the player and $1 for the dealers; a $6 bet two ways is
$5 for the player and $1 for the dealers; a $10 bet two ways is $5 for the
player and $5 for the dealers. E.g., "Hard 6, two ways" or
"Twoway hard 6."
 working
 bets that are "live" (i.e., can be resolved with the next roll)
are said to be working. Generally, place bets, buy/lay bets, and come odds
bets do not work on the comeout unless you tell the dealers to "make
them work." All other bets (e.g., hardways) work unless you call them
"off" (i.e., tell the dealers you do not want them to
"work").
 world bet
 a bet that the next roll will be 2, 3, 7, 11, or 12, made in multiples of
5, with one unit on each of the numbers.
 wrong bettor
 a player who bets that the dice will not pass.
 Q:C2 How is Craps played?
 A:C2 (Dave Decot, Frank Irwin, Alan Mintz, Ken Elliott III, Jeffrey Osier)
Casino craps is played completely against the casino, on a big felt layout set
inside a large table with high rails around the side so you can bounce the dice
off 'em and still keep 'em on the table. Up to between 12 and 16 people can play
at once, depending on the size of the table (obviously). The layout looks
something like:
Dealer stands Boxman sits Dealer stands
here here here
#######################################################################
# __ ____________________ $$$$$$$$$$$$$ ____________________ __ #
#  dDC 4 5 6 8 910 ++  4 5 6 8 910DCd  #
# Po______________ any seven 41 ______________oP #
# An ____________________ +===============+ ____________________ nA #
# St C O M E  hard 4  hard 6  C O M E tS #
# Sp____________________ + ____________________pS #
# La ____________________ hard 10 hard 8 ____________________ aL #
# Is2 3 4 9 10 11 12 +===============+ 2 3 4 9 10 11 12sI #
# Ns_______FIELD________ two  three _______FIELD________sN #
# E _____________________ HORN _____________________ E #
#  don't pass bar 12  eleven  twelve  don't pass bar 12  #
# \________PASS_LINE______ +===============+ ________PASS_LINE______/ #
#  any craps  #
# ++ #
# /dice\ #
#####################################################################
Stickman stands
here
Each player bets a minimum amount determined by the table.
Each die has six sides, each side with a different number of spots from one
to six.
Two such dice are rolled by one player called the "shooter". The
shooter must place a "pass" bet or a "don't pass" bet in
order to be eligible to roll the dice. Exception: the shooter can let his Hot
Babe (TM) roll the dice for him if he has a pass or don't pass bet down.
The total number of spots on the tops of the dice after the shooter has
rolled is called the "roll".
A game consists of a series of rolls.
A roll of 2, 3, or 12 is called "craps".
The first roll by the shooter during a game is called the "comeout
roll".
 If the comeout roll is 7 or 11, the game is over:
 Bets on the "Pass line" win 1:1.
 Bets on the "Don't Pass line" lose.
 If the comeout roll is craps, the game is over:
 Bets on the "Pass line" lose.
 Bets on the "Don't Pass line" win unless:
 The "Don't Pass" line says "Bar
" and the roll is the indicated value, in which case the bet pushes.
Otherwise, the comeout roll becomes the "point", and a large white
marker is placed on the number representing the point (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10).
 For each roll in a game subsequent to the comeout roll:
 If the roll is the point, the game is over:
 Bets on the "Pass line" win 1:1.
 Bets on the "Don't Pass line" lose.
 If the roll is 7, the game is over:
 Bets on the "Pass line" and lose.
 Bets on the "Don't Pass line" win 1:1.
 The turn of the "shooter" is over.
 Otherwise, the game continues and the shooter rolls again.
During a game, bets on the Pass line cannot be removed; they can, however, be
increased. Bets on the Don't Pass line may be decreased or removed, but not
increased.
When a game is over:
 If the game was over on the comeout roll, or because the point was rolled
again, the shooter may continue to be the shooter for another game, or pass
the dice on to the player just clockwise, who becomes the new shooter.
 Otherwise, the shooter must pass the dice on to the player just clockwise,
who becomes the new shooter.
Note: The other bets that can be made and resolved are not detailed above for
purposes of saving space. A description of when these bets win or lose is given
in question C1.
 Q:C3 What are "Odds"?
 A:C3 (thunk, Ken Elliott III)
Casinos allow a player to place "odds" on pass, don't pass, come, and
don't come bets after a "point" has been established. If the bet on
which odds are placed wins, the odds bet is paid fairly. This means the odds on
pass and come bets are paid 21 for the 4 and 10, 32 for the 5 and 9, and 65
for the 6 and 8. The odds for don't pass and don't come bets are paid 12 for
the 4 and 10, 23 for the 5 and 9, and 56 for the 6 and 8 (this is called
"laying" odds).
The player should make odds bets that can be paid exactly, or the dealer will
pay off by rounding down. Odds on the pass line and come bets should be a
multiple 5 if the point is 6 or 8 and a multiple of 2 if it's a 5 or 9. (Don't
betters can figure this out themselves.)
Casinos advertise the maximum odds bets they allow as the maximum amount
"times" the original bet the odds bet may be (for don't pass and don't
come bets, it's the maximum amount "times" the expected win). You can
increase your odds bet over this advertised maximum only enough to allow you to
make an odds bet that can be paid exactly.
A player can modify his odds bets at any time.
 Q:C4 What is the house advantage on 10x odds?
 A:C4 (Ken Elliott III, David Escoffery)
The following table lists the house advantage for a pass bet and don't pass bet
with the indicated odds. Remember, the house advantage indicates
(mathematically) the percentage of your bet handle that the casino will win in
the long run. Be aware, too, that higher odds often means a higher bet handle,
which in turn leads to higher "variance;" that is, your bankroll may
exhibit greater swings if you're used to betting $15 a hand ($5 pass bet at
double odds) and suddenly start betting $55 a hand ($5 pass bet at 10x odds).
HOUSE ADVANTAGE
odds pass bet don't pass bet
0x 1.4141% 1.4026%
1x 0.8485% 0.8320%
2x 0.6061% 0.5915%
3x 0.4714% 0.4588%
4x 0.3857% 0.3747%
5x 0.3263% 0.3167%
6x 0.2828% 0.2743%
7x 0.2496% 0.2418%
8x 0.2233% 0.2163%
9x 0.2020% 0.1956%
10x 0.1845% 0.1785%
 Q:C5 What are "Come" and "Don't Come"
bets?
 A:C5 (Dave Decot, Frank Irwin, Alan Mintz, Ken Elliott III)
Other bets can be made during the game after the comeout roll by anyone, called
"Come" and "Don't Come" bets. These are made by placing the
bet on the "Come" box or the "Don't Come" box; these bets
are regarded as Pass (Don't Pass) bets, but as if the very next roll of the dice
were the "comeout" roll of a new game. For example, if a come bet is
made and if the next roll is 7 or 11, the Come bet wins immediately; if the next
roll is 2, 3, or 12, the Come bet loses immediately; otherwise, the number
rolled is the point for that Come bet (called a come point). Such a Come bet is
moved onto the area of the table where its point appears, awaiting a roll of
either its point or seven. The game for a Come bet always continues until this
happens, even though the shooter rolls the point for the Pass line, even though
the shooter begins a new game for the Pass line, even though another shooter
begins rolling, as long as the termination conditions for that Come bet have not
yet occurred.
Note that rolling a seven always terminates all Pass, Come, Don't Pass, and
Don't Come games on the table; since it results in immediate win or loss.
The payoffs for Come and Don't Come bets are the same as for Pass and Don't
pass bets.
It is possible to place odds bets on the points of your own Come and Don't
Come bets by handing the bet to a dealer and stating that you want "odds on
my
". Unless you specify otherwise, odds bets on Come are declared "not
working" on a come out roll after a point is made. However, odds on Don't
Come bets are usually working by default.
 Q:C6 What are all those other bets?
 A:C6 (Dave Decot, Frank Irwin, Ken Elliott III)
Other bets are possible:
 Place bets (to win):
 Bets that an indicated number will be rolled before 7 is rolled (comeout
rolls are ignored for the purpose of determining this, unless otherwise
specified by the player making the bet).
 Place bets (to lose):
 Bets that a 7 will be rolled before the indicated number is rolled
(comeout rolls are ignored for the purpose of determining this, unless
otherwise specified by the player making the bet).
 One roll bets:
 Bets that a certain roll, or a certain pair of dice faces, or one of
several rolls, will appear on the next roll of the dice. Such bets may be
made before any roll. These all pay higher than 1:1, This includes "Any
craps", "eleven", "seven", "Horn", and
"field" bets.
 Field:
 A special case of oneroll bet. This pays 11 whenever 3, 4, 9, 10, or 11
is rolled, and possibly higher amounts when 2 or 12 is rolled.
 Hardways:
 Bets that a certain pair of dice faces will appear before 7 is rolled, and
before any other pair of dice faces with the same total value are rolled.
For example, a bet on "hard 4 (2 and 2)" loses when (1 and 3) is
rolled, because this is an "easy way" to roll 4. A bet on
"hard anything" loses when 7 is rolled.
 Hopping hardways:
 Bets that a certain pair of identical dice faces will appear on the next
roll. These all pay 30:1 (or sometimes higher or lower).
 Horn bets:
 Basically, just betting on the 2,3,11, and 12 at once. This requires 4
units, since you are really making 4 bets.
 Q:C7 What are the odds for all these bets?
 A:C7 (["Winning Casino Craps" by Edwin Silberstang], Ken Elliott
III)
Note that some casinos offer different payouts for prop bets, lower
(promotional) commission on buy/lay bets, and collection of buy/lay bet vigorish
only on winning bets, all of which change the "Casino Advantage"
listed below. The numbers below represent those most commonly seen in Las Vegas.
Bet Casino Payoff Casino Advantage
PassLine 1:1 1.41%
With Single Odds 1:1 + odds 0.8
With Double Odds 1:1 + odds 0.6
Come 1:1 1.41%
With Single Odds 1:1 + odds 0.8
With Double Odds 1:1 + odds 0.6
Don't Pass 1:1 1.40%
With Single Odds 1:1 + odds 0.8
With Double Odds 1:1 + odds 0.6
Don't Come 1:1 1.40%
With Single Odds 1:1 + odds 0.8
With Double Odds 1:1 + odds 0.6
Place Numbers (to win)
4 or 10 9:5 6.67%
4 or 10 (bought) 2:1 (5% commission) 4.76
5 or 9 7:5 4.0
6 or 8 7:6 1.52
Place Numbers (to lose)
4 or 10 5:11 3.03%
4 or 10 (laid) 1:2 (5% commission) 2.44
5 or 9 5:8 2.5
6 or 8 4:5 1.82
Big 6 and Big 8 1:1 9.09%
Field
With 2 and 12 paying 2:1 1:1 except 2 & 12 5.55%
With 2 pay 3:1, 12 pay 2:1 1:1 except 2 & 12 2.77%
With 2 pay 2:1, 12 pay 3:1 1:1 except 2 & 12 2.77%
In practically all casinos, odds on proposition bets are quoted as "x
for y", which means that the casino takes your winning "x" bet
and pays you "y", in contrast to what is done for other winning bets
(e.g., if the "Any 7" bet is "5 for 1", when making a $1 bet
and winning the casino will take your $1 and give you $5, for a "real"
payoff of "4 *to* 1"). The numbers below are quoted as "x:y",
not "x for y".
Proposition Bets
Bet True Odds Casino Payoff Casino Advantage
Any 7 5:1 4:1 16.67%
Any Craps 8:1 7:1 11.1
2 or 12 35:1 30:1 13.89
29:1 16.67
3 or 11 17:1 15:1 11.1
14:1 16.67
Hardways
4 or 10 8:1 7:1 11.1%
6 or 8 10:1 9:1 9.09
rec.gambling FAQ index
Johnny Craps Faq
Street craps are fundamentally the same as Vegas craps. The shooter
bets what he wants and then the other players act as the 'house' by taking
whatever portion of the money they want to cover, starting with the player
to the right of the shooter. In different areas of the country, the
game
is played differently, but that is basically the way it's played.
Street craps is really just rolling the dice trying to establish a point and
then replicating the point. It leaves out all the "prop" bets that you
can
play in the casino that have very little chance of winning.
Let's take the 1.00 pass line bets first. The odds on 5
on 9 are
3/2. If you have 1.00 bet on the pass line, you can take single odds of
3.00
to your 2.00.
The odds of a 6 or 8 is 6/5. If you have only 1.00 on
the pass line,
you can only take half those odds, or 3.50 to your 3.00. Some places will
let you take the full 6,00 to your 5.00.
Of course, if you're in a place where you can take very large
odds,
just check with the stickman, he'll let you know what you can do or don't do.
Here are the odds in a crap game.
Don't Pass
Pass line
4/102/1
1/2
5/93/2
2/3
6/86/5`
5/6
Copyright © 1999 www.JohnnyCraps.com All rights reserved.
Revised: October 01, 2008
.